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The CBD Glossary

If you’re trying to understand your CBD from your cannabidiol and your cannabinoids, you’re not alone (CBD stands for cannabidiol, which IS a cannabinoid). In a world of three letter terms which all sound very similar, we’ve got a breakdown of terms to help you navigate the world of CBD smoothly. 

This list is in alphabetical order, and you’ll find the definitions are highly simplified. If you’re particularly interested in specific issues, click through to the related article. And remember, if you have any questions at all, feel free to get in touch. 



This is how we talk about the absorption of CBD into the blood. If a product has optimised bioavailability, it will have a higher absorption rate, and work much more quickly. 

Broad Spectrum CBD

Broad Spectrum CBD extract contains a wider range of terpenes and cannabinoids, and some people find it is a more effective way to achieve well-rounded balance. This does not include products with THC. 

Cannabidiol (CBD)

A plant-derived, non-psychoactive cannabinoid that is used to help ease stress, anxiety, inflammation, or muscle and joint pain. 

Cannabigerol (CBG) 

This is a plant based cannabinoid specifically found in the cannabis plant. CBG is believed to help increase dopamine levels, ease stress, and reduce inflammation. 


A cannabinoid refers to 113 known compounds that are found in the cannabis plant, and which active the body’s natural cannabinoid receptors. 

Cannabinoid Receptors

These receptors are found throughout the body as part of the endocannabinoid system. There are two sub-receptor groups: CB1 and CB2. 

Cannabinoid Receptor Type 1 (CB1)

This is the cannabinoid receptor found mainly in the central and peripheral nervous system, and is responsible for triggering the effects caused by THC. 

Cannabinoid Receptor Type 2 (CB2)

This is a cannabinoid receptor located within the immune system.

Cannabinol (CBN)

CBN is a cannabinoid found in trace amount in the cannabis plant, and is a mild sedative believed to help with sleep issues. 


A breed of plant which includes marijuana (psychoactive) and hemp (non-psychoactive). 

CBD Isolate

CBD Isolate is a scentless and tasteless isolate which is at least 99% pure and contains no other compounds. Often it is mixed with a carrying oil and used in tinctures, drinks, and balms. 


Endocannabinoids are compounds which occur naturally in the body to bind to the cannabinoid receptors. They help regulate several physiological systems. 

Endocannabinoid System (ECS)

The name for the biological system which is composed of endocannabinoids and receptors in the central and peripheral nervous systems. CBD appears to work with the endocannabinoid system to help regulate the system and promote calm.

Full Spectrum CBD

Full Spectrum CBD extract contains a wide range of terpenes and cannabinoids, including CBD CBG, CBN, and tiny amounts of THC.


Hemp is a plant in the cannabis family which contains a high concentrate of CBD but less the 0.3% THC. The fibres of the hemp plant are used to make clothing.

Medium-Chain Triglyceride (MCT) Oil

Derived from coconut, MCT oil contains essential fatty acids and is often used in products where CBD is meant to be consumed.


A naturally occurring cannabinoid specific to the cannabis plant.


An aromatic terpene with a piney fragrance, possessing uplifting properties. 


The natural, aromatic, and flavorful attributes of plant-derived essential oils. Terpenes provide unique fragrances and may heighten mood and reduce stress levels, particularly when combined with CBD and other cannabinoids. 


A tincture is herbal extract from plants formed into a liquid concentrate. 



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